A big deal in Texas

 Big Bob Cates at Channing, Texas, HQ of the XIT.
After 1.5 hours he became a good friend in a private tour with his keys in hand .
He is biggest and best supporter on the XIT explains the history of the largest cattle ranch in the USA.

The 3 million acre XIT had 6,000 miles of fence. The XIT perimeter is now inclusive of a “Billions of Dollars” of real estate and the strongest agricultural economy in the world.

From the Buffalo Springs section on the Oklahoma border to Lubbock Texas, the Yellow House section the stretch of real estate was 2 counties wide and reserved for the Pioneers when the state government in Austin got a better idea.

Here is the timeline and the focus.
The governor said, “We need 2 million dollars quick to build the new state capital in Austin”. The Chicago based, Farwell Brothers went for the deal in about the 1878 stretch and by 1885 they were in the cattle business. The railroads were coming to the Panhandle of Texas which had been an Independent state since 1836. Colorado became a state in 1876 and George Armstrong Custer died in Montana territory fighting Indians in June of 1876.

The operations of XIT father land include:

  • Livestock confined feeding of hogs, cattle, dairy, slaughter and meat packing, cheese factories of large scale.

  • The Ogallala irrigated grain production, Cotton, Alfalfa, Soybean.

  • Biological power, New developments in Canola crushing, Canola crush feeding, Bio-diesel, Ethanol and byproducts of Distillers Grains.

  • Oil and Gas, Petroleum refining.

  • Windmills of extreme population.

  • Irrigation technical developments, SDI, Center Pivot, deep soil water monitoring equipment.

  • Two Transcontinental railroads, BNSF, UP.

  • Petroleum Refining, Ammonia Plants.

  • Ammonia, Gas and Oil Interstate pipelines. Interstate 40 transportation of goods east and west and Texas funded 4 lane highways north to south.

    The XIT is so significant to Texas history that it will never be fully understood the contribution it made to the economy of the United States.

    Every story told is true and every record kept at XIT General Office confirm the roots of Texas lie in this Victorian General Office building. The archives now belong to the commissioners of Hartley County Texas.

    Manganese and Boron Deficiency on the XIT with Andy Cover of Cover Farms.

    Managing the XIT soils today for better crops tomorrow.

    The Drone View will follow and the photos were taken of June 21, 2017. They indicate about 25% of the pivot is deficient in micronutrients Manganese and Boron.

    The yield reduction is considerable with the plants showing the stripping of leaves, the Pioneer 1197 corn plant is about 20% to 25% shorter in deficient areas and elevations.

    Andy Cover of Dalhart/Hartley and just 3 miles north of the XIT Channing General Office, Never knew about this problem since they were applying 300 lbs of N with the irrigation pivot using 32-0-0 which is a salvage nitrogen and not primary nitrogen.

    The dairies have lots of manure for sale. Andy applied 1.2 million dollars of manure over the last 5 years at 20 to 50 tons per acre

    The Manganese and Boron problem was under the cover of a nitrogen mask

    Sandy Soil, high pH, continuous corn and is a suspected to be blowout from the Dust Bowl.

    Andy will pull some old yield maps to determine the trend in yield in these deficient pockets.


    Metals deficiency cause the stripping of the corn leaves, Zinc, Copper, Iron, and Manganese.

    Boron deficiency is shown by white freckles on the leaf surface and in the stripping area.

    More advanced Boron deficiency will show up as white stripping in the vein areas. Also the whorls may not unfurl in a predictable manner.

    The problem is which metal is causing the short plant and stripping in the leaf new growth.

    The soil sample may not show up as being significant problem but the tissue sample will unravel the mystery of which metal is causing the problem. In this case it was determined to be Manganese.

    This is good land and capable of 300 bushel per acre corn.

    A soil elevation depression is also shown in this photo, thus the blowout theory.

    The Cover Farm is part of the Dust Bowl transformation of the land during the “dirty thirties”.
    Tillage created many problems and never is a solution long or short term under difficult economics.


    How were the symptoms expressed?

    What were the tools used to solve the problem?

    Did CPS help find the solution without the tissue samples?

    Click Here for the Progression of Discovery.

    Soil Samples and growing plant tissue samples say it is true. Zinc and other nutrients are fine to excellent. Manganese and Boron were pinpointed. Previous solution 32-0-0 applications masked the visual nutrient problems and correct micronutrient in need.

  • The Exactrix Mustang Tool bar will be set up 3 products to manage the deficient soil.

  • Saving millions of dollars over a farming career.

  • Injection of Manganese and Boron to supplement the plant with micronutrients.

  • Mustang Tool bars set up with 3 product delivery.

If you need more information on how to manage Manganese and Boron Deficiency. Click here. 

If you would like to identify the deficiency in your fields.

Manganese Go to http://agdev.anr.udel.edu/weeklycropupdate/?p=3269 

Boron Go to. https://www.agweb.com/article/plants-need-boron-to-thrive-darrell-smith/

The Little B in Canola. https://www.agweb.com/article/plants-need-boron-to-thrive-darrell-smith/

There are two ways to solve for Site Specific application of Micro Nutrients and Biological materials. Manganese and Boron can be managed separately.

2KR Blender is used to interject flow into the 2nd product 2KP or 2KM systems.

A 2KP Third product system is added with injection at 3rd product TIO using looking glass manifolds and high pressure lines.

Looking Glass Manifolds improve third product injection when materials are not compatitable with Poly Phosphate.

The 3rd product injection is utilized with Mustang Openers.

As they say in Washington State and Texas. “You can only be guilty of thinking too small” RA Hanson.

  • The XIT, Three Million Acres. 150,000 Longhorns, 6,000 miles of fence, 2 million acres in Montana, Built the largest state capital in the USA.
  • British Investors (2 million dollars) were paid back very well.
  • Cattle Trail to Montana went through 7 states from Easter to mid-July.
  • From Dalhart, Texas here is the report. http://www.xitmuseum.com/history.shtml

Inside the XIT, General Office, rests this map taking up the entire wall.  


Rules of the XIT.

  • Ownership of guns was not allowed.
  • Only XIT horses were on the ranch. There was no personal ownership of a horse.
  • No Alcohol.
  • No Card playing.  
  • Families were encouraged.
  • A good place for a expanding your moral strength and character.  

Sounds like they were ahead of their time when it came to focus of effort on the XIT. The largest cattle ranch in the world in the 1880’s.
Cattle rustlers and wolves reduced profits to zero when the cattle market collapsed.
Primarily the railroads sent the cattle to market early creating the collapse and the access to the herd.

Big Bob Cates, the host of XIT HQ at Channing, Texas, and a great 1.5 hours together at headquarters.

Your Great Plains Reporter.

Guy J Swanson


John Cory
Security West Financial

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John will help you spend about $40,000 annually to make $150,000 more annually by spending only $60 per acre in irrigated production for fertilizer. John understands the cycles of agriculture and how to keep your balance sheet looking good.

At the end of five years you will own a powerful machine that continue to produce good returns having already been paid for at the end of the first year.  You can even apply for your neighbors with a Mustang Tool Bar.

At 1,000 acres of corn, An internal bottom line savings of $750,000 over five years on 5,000 acres of corn.  

An Exactrix Mustang Tool Bar capable of producing $550,000 of internally available funds in five years.   

  See Video 

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The 2017 Agronomy Review.

Meeting your formulation needs. www.exactrix.com/TF.htm  

Picking your metering systems. www.exactrix.com/epm.htm  

Need more information on advanced crop production.   www.exactrix.com/EWAC.htm


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