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       Guy Swanson

How important is it to side dress winter wheat?

1. Banding nutrients deep at 5 ,6 and up to 8 inch depth into growing roots is critical to handle drought stress which drives nutrient use to the highest levels achievable.
2. Root Colonization around the band area is prolific developing a means to absorb as much soil moisture as possible. The new vermiculated Exactrix bands allow much higher utilization.
3. About half to 2/3 of the nutrients are banded in late fall just before dormancy. ….or even pre-plant No-till.
4.  About half to 1/3 of the nutrients are banded in the early spring right after dormancy breaks….if the crop is going to be good or above average.
5. Sometimes it is important to not side dress winter wheat since the crop is very poor in the spring and any additional input would be risky on the Great Plains. Circa Greg Sederstroom at Goodland, KS 2013. Click To See Video Clip. 
Shouldn’t most of nutrients go on in the fall? Video Of High Speed Banding With Weber Farms Near Marshal, Missouri


1. Each production area is different due to soil type and rainfall pattern…Center Pivot Winter Wheat on the Great Plains can now be boosted with a
second application of TAPPS or TAPPKTS. Fall and Spring application is required to boost yields to well above average. Some producers are able to raise the yield potential another 30 bushels per acre.
2. In the PNW late fall banding (late October) after the winter wheat has emerged or just emerging is allowing producers to go with one TAPPS and
TAPPKTS band treatment for Soft White Winter.
3.  Hard Red Winter Wheat of milling quality has two treatments. one in the late fall at a nominal rate. If the winter wheat is looking good in the early spring and the potential is above average due to a mild winter then another 15% to as high as 33% more nutrients are added. No more than 12% of the Gross Income is invested.
4. Weather is the driver allowing timing of nutrients deep in the root zone with absolute Exactrix Uniformity.  


Why is No-tillage Single Disc banded application better than top dress application?
1.  No-tillage application has only been accomplished with Floater Rig Top Dress Application in the spring of dry nitrogen such as Urea. But the real
need is not always nitrogen. Wheat likes a balance of NPK and S. It is possible to band P and K and drive nutrient efficiency to the highest levels
when growing roots are present in the soil.
2. Now the technology shift of Exactrix application is evident. TAPPS and TAPPKTS can be banded into the root zone when wheat is growing and
vigorous. Banding well ahead of the crop need is not the best way to raise wheat.
3. Rotational Band Loading is possible.  This means future crops can find the TAPPS and TAPPKTS of previous banding events…the more the
producer bands the more the crop can target old bands and No-till is the key. Old bands have lots of nutrient still available that has been Triple Super Ammoniated in the Famous TAPPS and TAPPKTS Acid Base Reaction. Rotational Band Loading explained at  
4. Top Dress Applications are never uniform.




5. Top Dress Applications volatilize.
6.  Top Dress Applications allow nutrients to leave the target area and head for the rivers and streams in high rainfall events. 


7.  Deeper root colonies with TAPPS and TAPPKTS at 5,6 and to 8 inch depth assures more bushels under pivots and dryland winter wheat production.
8.  There has never been an opener quite like the Mustang since it is self sealing in No-tillage growing root scenarios.
Watch Mark Ricker High Speed   Banding

Why is Single Disc Banding possible into the growing crop?

1.   Focus by Exactrix Engineers over 39 years.  Allowing Single disc openers to band deeper using TAPPS and TAPPKTS.2.  
2. The New opener designs from Exactrix…the Mustang Opener, P-51C, P-51B, P-51A allows bands to be placed very deep at 5 to 6 inch depth and some cases deeper to the 8 inch depth if the economics allow.
3.  Virtually no soil disturbance. The openers must run deep to seal. No extra components such as depth or closing wheels are used with Mustang 
Surgical Cuts.

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4.  Exactrix is a good source for the facts. Because of the Exactrix focus of No-tillage and the need to build soils naturally avoiding the tillage of the past.
5. The speed of application is significantly improved.
6. The opportunity to drive straight over the top of terraces allows nutrients to be banded without a lot of turning. Turning sets up the application CV and reduces nutrient uptake.
7. The opportunity to Variable-Rate apply the nutrients means much less use of the input materials.

                                                   Dan Mader side dressing winter wheat.Near Lewiston, ID

8.  The critical margin is improved and the risk is reduced on massive acres by using a tool that allows timing and good judgment on the part of the producer. 
What is the optimum Band center to side dress Winter Wheat?
1. On the Great Plains the bands are spaced on 15 inch to allow for No-till corn production.
2.  Dilute Bands are key...The Exactrix banding tool bar can run in the field with the corn planter right alongside and working with the banding tool bar.
3.    On the rolling slopes of the PNW and Montana the best band center is 12 inch.
4. In Southern Idaho in cold soils at 5,000 feet it is 10 inch with fall and spring banding required.  
What is the optimum band center for Spring Wheat and Canola pre-plant.
1.  In the Alberta Peace River it is 10 inch or 12 inch, fall or spring banded and indexed if possible.
2.   In Saskatchewan the bands are set up 15 inch or 12 inch.
3.  In North Dakota 15 inch, 12 inch or 10 inch is common due to late starts in the spring.
4. Rotational Band Loading at the 2nd  or 3rd  year may allow 15 inch band spacing. 
What is the optimum band center for Corn?
1. The best band center is 2 bands for each corn row.  Thus 30 inch corn requires band centers of 15 inch which also allows for side dress and also the opportunity to raise other crops with corn.
2.  Most rotations of corn and soybeans cannot raise other high value crops like Winter Canola and Milling Wheat. Thus the use of Rotation at highest levels of nutrient efficiency can never be achieved in central corn belt….since the focus is not on Rotation.  
3.   Less success occurs with  1 band per row.  This is due to root cap burning,
4. It is possible to Index on 20 inch centers and dilute the band with a second application at low rates with side dress. This means the band is located to the side of each corn row…not under or close to the corn row. Avoiding corn root cap burning is critical in spring banding.
5.  Exactrix does not promote 30 inch band spacing with TAPPS, TAPPKTS or Single Disc Mustang Banding.
6.  Finally the evidence is overwhelming…nutrients should never be placed directly under the seed row for top yields and maximum flexibility when banding in the spring.
7.   The most powerful part of Exactrix is TAPPS and TAPPKTS. Band Targeting is greatly improved at 15 inch. Nutrient utilization of NPK and S goes to the maximum level of efficiency.  
8.  Bands deeper with a good seed bed is an excellent approach...bands at 5,6, up to 8 inch depth mean root cap burning is just not possible on 15 inch, 12 inch or 10 inch band centers.

                    Lane Devlin's P-51 Mustangs                                    Mustangs At The Ready                         Corn Stubble In Shelton, NE...No Problem


      Lane Devlin's P-51 Mustangs Cresting           Guy Swanson and Lane Devlin Discuss The Mustangs      High Speed Banding Near Smith Center 

            McClure 2013 Budgets, ...Maximize the Margin by reducing                      
            inputs. High Yields Hurt Profitability and Increase Risk. April 20

April 16, 13....Ammonium Nitrate Explosion....West, Texas....two schools and retirement village close by, Small Fertilizer 
             Dealer making solution 32 from Ammonium Nitrate...Non Explosive NH3 leaking due to the nitrate explosion.

How does Guy Swanson view the explosion in West, Texas?

Large Explosion At West, Texas, April 16, 13. …..66 years later exactly after the Texas City, Texas Explosion.

This is a smaller fertilizer dealer Close to Waco, Crawford, McGregor, Fort Hood,  Texas that has elected to melt Urea and Ammonium Nitrate with water to make a liquid nitrogen material 32-0-0 or 28-0-0…

This is a retailer.

Anhydrous Ammonia is registered with the DOT as a Non Explosive material…NH3 is an Inhalation Hazard and thus a Hazardous Material. A HAZMAT license is therefore required to transport over the road at typical highway speeds.  

Ammonium Nitrate is registered with the DOT as an Oxidizer……or an explosive when confined.

I doubt that the explosion is related poor handling….it could be more on the side of terror since it is very seldom that a retailer mishandles the material to produce an explosion on this scale.

There have been ships blow up loaded with Ammonium Nitrate.

April 16, 1947 there was a very big explosion on a bulk transport ship that killed 581 people at Texas City around Houston.  Over 8,000 people were reported to have been involved in a class action lawsuit.

The April 16, 1947 explosion of the nitrate laden ship sent a ripple through the industrial complex. Thus refineries and other hydrocarbon and chemical processing plants were involved in the explosion from the ship.
Remember this date April 16….why would it happen on the same day twice.  I suspect some very unusual combinations.  Quite possibly a local problem.  

This is not a fertilizer manufacturing plant….this is a retail blending plant and the 32-0-0 or 28-0-0 has 3 types of nitrogen.

The Explosion came from the steel roof building next to the railroad siding.

The large tank with the rusty roof is where the fertilizer dealer is storing the 32-0-0 liquid fertilizer.

Ammonium Nitrate is 34-0-0, Ammonium Nitrate is a molecule of about 50% each NH4, NO3 and when combined with a hydrocarbon such a diesel fuel becomes extremely explosive.

Thus coal mines and cooper mines… mines use lots of Ammonium Nitrate, explosive grade…explosives are built in large industrial complexes under trademarks such as Dyno Nobel.

Most Ammonium Nitrate is now removed from the garden shops. It is very hard to get a hold of mainly due to the bombing in Oklahoma, City of the Alfred P. Murrah Building, Timothy McVeigh and his associate, Terry Nichols.

Terrorists view Ammonium Nitrate as a low cost explosive source to build a giant explosive bomb such as McVeigh’s design or small bomb that can easily propel shrapnel and injure and kill lots of people..  

Yes, it is true that commercial fertilizer can be manufactured from NH3 and Nitric Acid to make Ammonium Nitrate.  NH3 is a Hazardous Material that seldom kills people. Ammonium Nitrate is the explosive material.

Ammonium Nitrate is a  high cost material compared to NH3…it costs about 150% more to build the nitrogen based fertilizer as compared to Anhydrous Ammonia.

On a very positive note:  Humankind or 4.6 billion people or 2/3 of our planets inhabitants are alive today because of low cost NH3.

As noted by the World Bank, 6.974 Billion people are alive today.  Our depleted soils without NH3 would be unable to provide fuel, feed and fiber for more than 2.3 billion people.

It is Nobel prize winning NH3….Two Nobel Prizes…..that have made our lives much higher quality.

A compromise for sure in this unfortunate event….The incident may be related to security or training of the management.

Non Explosive NH3 is now more available at your local fertilizer dealer.
                                            Recently Discovered Shale Gas Allows the Big N to come to US from Australia.

                                 Low Cost, United States Shale Gas Driving Construction of the Haber Bosch Process Plants . Services/IPF Products/Big N

Recently discovered business opportunity...The Big N is coming to the US from Australia producing 2,200 tons per day at a new $850 million plant. Employment would be 80 to 100 staff employees building critical nitrogen for explosives and crops.

This Louisiana plant will outcompete imported N form Trinidad/Tobago which is supplied by Potash Corp.

The key fact about the Big N, NH3 is that Incitec Pivot quotes all the way to the fourth decimal to .8225....or 82.25%.

That means producers must confirm they received these levels of value with an Exactrix Mass Flow System which is accurate to .0020 or 20 pounds in 10,000 pounds.

And always .8225 every time Producers use the Big N...NH3.  

Actually most NH3 is 82.4% since the production plant will add 1 gallon of water to every 1,000 gallons of NH3 produced at 82.5%.

Evidently Incitec Pivot adds 2.5 gallons of water to each 1,000 gallons of NH3....or else the pipe line produces 1.5 gallon of oil and rouge for every 1,000 gallons delivered at Crawfordsville, IN.

NH3 Stores Well...Does not seem to kill a lot of the third step lower level, low analysis ammonium nitrate which is used to build Solution 28-0-0, 32-0-0

Not 80%.... ....not 81%.....not 82%....The Big N is 82.25%.

NH3 requires special handling...and therefore deserves respect by qualified users.

NH3 is Non-Explosive and is a feedstock to build explosive fertilizers.

Refrigerant Grade NH3 is 82.5%...Laboratory Grade is the highest purity.

Refrigerant Grade NH3 is always transported in special rail cars and transports to maintain purity.

Tri-Ammonium Poly Phosphate Sulfate
Stabilized nitrogen, triple super ammoniated phosphate with a sulfur source.
A polymer, crystallized, homogeneous nutrient manufactured with Exactrix process management.
Outstanding performance of N,P and S.

The most available form of commercial plant nutrients. Stabilized nutrients, triple ammoniated.

An above ground test at the initial startup was used to confirm that the 2KC and 2KP systems were operational.

The 2KC NH3 system was bled, chilled and filled following NH3 safety protocol.

The 2KP APP/ATS delivered the material in a high quality stream flow. Triple super ammonization assured the crystal material with inter-mixing. 


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